Types of Land Surveying Equipment
Land surveying can be categorized as one of the ancient arts known to man. It is there in the historical records that deal with human evolution. It involves measuring the earth serves and above. Measurement of heights and distances are some of the activities that are involved in the land surveying. Land can be mentioned as one of the vital resources available. With the increase in population the need for surveying has risen high. Title deeds are issued when the subdivision is done on land. Specialists in this art of surveying are referred to as land surveyors. For a land surveyor to be competent then he or she must be competent in the use of land surveying tools. Several land surveying equipment are available in the market. One of the initial tools is chain and the tape.
They measure the distance between points on the land parcels. they are among the oldest equipment but they are still in use today. Theodolites are another tool that is used for land survey. They are used in the measurement of bearings. When using them there is need to use controls where you will set up the theodolite. These horizontal controls are known as traverse points. They are established through the process of leveling. The tool that is used in this process is the level. One can get very many types of level including the digital and the analog ones. They establish controls that are the starting points for any land survey. Land survey equipment is the total station. They have a system that is used to measure distances electronically. They include the simultaneous determination of distance and direction. A reflector is used as the target. It employs the use of laser beam in setting up and direction measurement.
The new technology has resulted in the invention of other surveying tools. One of them is the global positioning system that people refer to as the GPS. They are new in the market, and they come in various types. They use satellite in the process of measurement. Land surveyors mostly use the Trimble GPS. It is very accurate and more portable compared to other survey equipment. They have an inbuilt software that is used to do all the land surveying jobs. One of the main features of the interface is that it is easy to use. The GPS will provide storage space for all the data that is got in ground survey. One can utilize external units to store the data. The use of GPS in land survey has highly revolutionized the field. Land surveying is undertaken very quickly using the Trimble GPS. There are some factors that are to be put in mind when purchasing the land surveying tools. One should understand which kind of and survey is to be carried out. Check to ascertain which degree of accuracy has to be achieved in the land surveying process. Land surveying results will highly depend on the choice of land surveying equipment used.